a connection or cooperative link between people or organizations
to assign as a share or portion
An ad hoc activity or organization is done or formed only because a situation has made it necessary and is
not planned in advance. 想起了 ansible cli 可以直接执行一次性的命令，这就是 ad-hoc，也可以提前写好 playbook，写好剧本，这就是计划好的。
- at the discretion of
由 … 决定，由 … 自行处理。自由裁量权。哈哈哈。比如 object 怎样回收由 gc 具体实现决定。向线程池 submit 的 command 怎么执行, 由具体的 executor 实现来决定。
as soon as possible 尽快
Someone or something that is authoritative has
a lot of knowledgeof a particular subject. 比如 authoritative DNS server 是知道相关 domain 的 resource record 的。给你的信息是可以无脑相信的。😄
Bounds are limits which normally restrict what can happen or what people can do.
The base of something is its lowest edge or part. same as bottom
A backlog is a number of things which have not yet been done but which need to be done. 积压的工作量
If you have something such as
a second piece of equipment or set of plans as backup, you have arranged for them to be available for use in case the first one does not work. 一个完蛋后，另一个可以无缝顶上。
A broker is a person whose job is to
buy and sellshares, foreign money, or goods for other people. 对于消息中间件就是从 producer 买消息，卖给 consumer。🐶
the circumstances that form the setting for an event, statement, or idea, and in terms of which it can be fully understood and asserted.
the number of elements in a given mathematical set 给定集合的元素数量
Compound is used to indicate that something consists of two or more parts or things.
A consensus is general agreement among a group of people. 一群人达成的协议。共识。
an area of territory owned or controlled by a ruler or government.
Something that is durable is strong and lasts a
long time without breakingor becoming weaker
If someone in
a position of authorityuses their discretion or has the discretion to do something in a particular situation, they have the freedom and authority to decide what to do. 自由裁量权。没有规范的情况下，由有权威的人进行“圣裁"。
A delegation is a group of people who have been sent somewhere to have talks with other people on behalf of a larger group of people. 代表更大集团的一个和其他人交流的小集团
qualified to participate or be chosen
An exception is a
particularthing, person, or situation that is
not included in a generalstatement, judgment, or rule.
An entity is something that exists
separatelyfrom other things and has a
clear identityof its own. 独立有清晰标识的东西
If you describe something as ephemeral, you mean that it lasts only for a very short time. 只持续较短时间的东西。短暂的。
The designed ability of a server, network or other computer system to
switch over automaticallyto a r
edundant or standbysystem in order to avoid loss of access in the event of a
failure of the primary system.
Someone’s fallback position is what they will do
if their plans do not succeed, or if something unexpected happens.
A field is
an area of a computer's memory or a programwhere data can be entered, edited, or stored.
- factor out
A handle is the part of an object such as a tool, bag, or cup that you hold in order to be able to
pick up and usethe object.
not connected with another or with each other; separate 互不关联，分离的
The integrity of something such as a group of people or a text is its
state of being a united whole. 完整性
A lifetime is the length of time that someone is alive. 某人活着的时间，也就是享年多久。 The lifetime of a particular thing is the period of time that it lasts. 某事物存在的时长。
- leave options open 暂不决定
The majority of people or things in a group is more than half of them. 什么是 majority。超过一半的人/事物才叫 majority。zookeeper cluster 推荐 server 数量奇数。
- on the fly
If you do something on the fly, you do it quickly
withoutthinking about it
orplanning it in advance, especially while something else is happening. 没有提前计划做事情或者不假思索做事情
If one thing overlaps another, or if you overlap them, a part of the first thing
occupies the same areaas a part of the other thing. You can also say that two things overlap. 空间上重叠
Outstanding issues or problems have not yet been resolved. 还没完成的、还没解决的。若用 tcp 确认机制，就是 unacknowledged 的包。
the condition of being considered more important than someone or something else; priority in importance, order, or rank. 优先级
serving or intended to preempt or forestall something, especially to prevent attack by disabling the enemy.
to provide with members 对象填充成员属性
Parameters are factors or limits which
affectthe way that something can be done or made.
A proxy is a person or thing that is acting or being used in the place of someone or something else.
The payload of an aircraft or spacecraft is the
amount or weightof things or people that
it is carrying.
If you proceed to do something, you do it, often after doing something else first. 先做完一件事，接着做另一件事。
If something is done
pending a future event, it is done until that event happens.
Post- is used to form words that indicate that something takes place after a particular date, period, or event.
Pre- is used to form words that indicate that something takes place before a particular date, period, or event.
- per se
Per se means ‘by itself’ or ‘in itself’, and is used when you are talking about the qualities of one thing
considered on its own, rather than in connection with other things. 本身，本质上
voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up. 自愿放弃 to give over possession or control of : YIELD 放弃控制
A reference is something such as a number or a name that tells you where you can obtain the information you want. 能从中获取信息的东西，隔一层。you->reference->info
A routine is a computer program, or part of a program, that performs a specific function.
thinly dispersed or scattered, 稀疏的
a long, narrow aperture or slit in a machine for something to be inserted an allotted place in a arrangement or plan such as a broadcasting schedule.(安排或计划中分配的位置)
A sandbox is a place on a computer system where an
untrusted programcan be run without affecting other parts of the system.
If you suspend something, you delay it or stop it from happening for a while or until a decision is made about it. 最著名的例子就是进程 suspend，之后 scheduler 再 decide 是不是再次运行。
Shards are pieces of broken glass, pottery, or metal. fragement,piece 一片，想象一下把一整块玻璃打碎，分成多个碎片，scale out..
A standby is something or someone that is
always ready to be usedif they are needed.
composed of three parts 三元
balance achieved between two desirable but incompatible features; balancing of factors all of which are not attainable at the same time 平衡两个
If you trade off one thing against another, you exchange all or part of one thing for another, as part of a negotiation or compromise. 以 … 换取
traid / triplet
a certificate or token showing that a fare or admission fee has been paid 票
computing a row of values in a
relational database关系型数据库中的一行就是 tuple
Transient is used to describe a situation that
lasts only a short timeor is
constantly changing. 持续时间很短或者一直在变化的情况，和 persistent 相反
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